In this weblog post, we’ll take a look at the theory of Hildegard Peplau little closer to us all, because this was among the initial people today to distinct theories integrated into their theory. Specifically work of psychiatrists and psychologists had an influence here.Table of Contents:Reading Time: 5 minutes / 1,045 words.The theory of Hildegard Peplau – definition and information.Influences with the theory of Hildegard Peplau.The theory of Hildegard Peplau refers towards the motivation theory of Maslow’s character theory of Miller and also the stimulus-response model of Pavlov, Adorno, Erickson, Freud and Fromm were other influences. Most influence and value, even so, had Harry Stuck Sullivan with his works (Psychiatry) for Peplau. An assumption of Sullivan is that Human obtained by the need for gratification and also a want driven by security.

On the basis of these several excitation created Peplau its process-oriented model. The experience in psychiatric nursing contributes to this course of action.In its definition of nursing Peplau coined the term psychodynamic care, which provides the which means of the Pflegenden- patient connection at the center. Peplau it comes to recognizing and to clarify what takes place when a nursing supportive turns a patient. Your assumption right here is:”The personality of a nurse who’s accountable for the learning course of action of the patient is significant; the promotion of character to mature individuals may be the duty of care and nursing education. Solutions of processing and understanding what is paraphrasing of interpersonal relationships have to consequently content on the lesson to “(Kuehne Ponesch 2004, p 127).The 4 phases in the nurse – patient partnership.According Peplau you’ll find four phases of nurses -Patient connection which produce details about on which degree of development, the connection is:Orientation identification exploitation selection.

Explanation on the 4 phases.”In the orientation phase, the patient has a wish to become helped professionally as a consequence of a disorder (really feel desire). The suffering will be the initial step within the development of your personality. The nurse assists the patient’s concerns and needs to determine and understand in an effort to derive acceptable subsequently Assistance in. What exactly is mentioned to become uncomplicated to understand by the patient, to offer him the possibility of active participation. Within this phase the basis for additional cooperation among the caregiver and also the patient arises. One particular can speak of a “partnership relationship”.Within the Identifiktionsphase an identification of your patient is completed using the folks who supply him assistance. The partnership in between the caregiver plus the patient is strengthened by trust is usually constructed. It’s ready the approach to actively participate as a patient within the care procedure. The expertise gained inside a disease circumstance also can market or inhibit an effect on an active participation inside a partnership method because the understanding of your patient in wellness matters. A often fantastic degree of education features a favorable effect around the linguistic expression along with the understanding and being understood to be created. If the patient is passive and he can not bring himself to the care events with 1, it is actually to reflect the process of nursing the partnership as well as the related fears.

At the stage of exploitation or use phase, the patient maximum advantage for addressing his suffering should draw from the connection. This only succeeds when he better recognize his scenario learns and makes use of your services supplied. The force of nurses is thereby transferred towards the patient, new objectives is often formulated and pursued. The nurse provides the patient the feeling of constructive “mother enjoy.”At the stage of your selection or replacement of old, are no longer relevant for the patient ambitions are discarded and new ones sought. The patient frees himself in the connection using the caregiver and is when once again open towards the connection uptake outside the wellness sector. He takes over once again even the duty for themselves. This procedure is usually parallel with all the healing procedure and indicates a recovery. It is not uncommon that nurses have difficulty letting go on the patient and satisfy personal dependency wants. The release procedure which has always to start in the patient is complicated by “(Kuehne Ponesch 2004 S.127ff).Definition of wellness and disease inside the course of action.

“Health, by” be achieved development. ” that is equated with improvement of character growth, takes place, if it is probable to integrate illness expertise in the character and understand from them. Peplau sees a target in a creative, constructive, productive and above all socially recognized life. It defines illness as an inevitable human practical experience. In case you could make sense of the illness, it can be seen as a development encounter “(ibid. P.129).Duties of care.In Peplau care is always to assume the activity of distinctive roles and as a result get to know the patient and support. If this fails, then chronicity can be the outcome. The unused capabilities of sufferers should be identified and put to use for the purposes of prevention of illnesses. The nurse assumes the following roles inside the care course of action model: role in the unknown, the assistant, teacher’s role, leadership, deputy role, advisory role.Some behaviors within these roles that holds the caregiver should really, according Peplau show nurses in no case:Sufferers with tales of their own lives to bother the patient raise the darling individuals and to recognize this in their everyday perform the patient for tiny orders exploit Disputes amongst individuals referee to play; To respond when individuals reduce himself to dependency tendencies including “I am dependent and helpless” to respond; talk about the behavior of other caregivers with all the patient; To engage in buddy relationships with individuals; making ambiguous statements.Objectives of care.The objective is continually the improvement of your personalities of everyone involved within the connection procedure!Plays a major role, the constructive improvement in the spirit of creativity, productivity and neighborhood. Peplau talks right here even care as an educational tool.

Deja tu comentario